academic-bible.com - The Scholarly Bible Portal of the German Bible Society.
Buy an edition of the English Standard Version
  • Share on Facebook
  • Twitter verse
  • Genesis
  • 1.Mose 34

The Defiling of Dinah

341Now fDinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to see the women of the land.

30:21

2And when Shechem the son of gHamor the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her, he seized her and lay with her and humiliated her.

Acts 7:16

3And his soul was drawn to Dinah the daughter of Jacob. He loved the young woman and spoke tenderly to her.

4So Shechem hspoke to his father Hamor, saying, “Get me this girl for my wife.”

[Judg. 14:2]

5Now Jacob heard that he had defiled his daughter Dinah. But his sons were with his livestock in the field, so Jacob held his peace until they came.

6And Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob to speak with him.

7The sons of Jacob had come in from the field as soon as they heard of it, and the men were indignant and ivery angry, because he jhad done an outrageous thing in Israel by lying with Jacobs daughter, kfor such a thing must not be done.

31; 20:9; 2 Sam. 13:12

Josh. 7:15; Judg. 20:6

49:7

8But Hamor spoke with them, saying, “The soul of my son Shechem longs for your1 daughter. Please give her to him to be his wife.

The Hebrew for your is plural here

9Make marriages with us. Give your daughters to us, and take our daughters for yourselves.

10You shall dwell with us, and lthe land shall be open to you. Dwell and mtrade in it, and nget property in it.”

47:27

21; 42:34

13:9; 20:15

11Shechem also said to her father and to her brothers, o“Let me find favor in your eyes, and whatever you say to me I will give.

See 33:15

12Ask me for as great a pbride price2 and gift as you will, and I will give whatever you say to me. Only give me the young woman to be my wife.”

Ex. 22:16; 1 Sam. 18:25; [Deut. 22:29]

Or engagement present

13The sons of Jacob answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully, because he had defiled their sister Dinah.

14They said to them, “We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one who is uncircumcised, for qthat would be a disgrace to us.

Josh. 5:9

15Only on this condition will we agree with youthat you will become as we are by every male among you being circumcised.

16Then we will give our daughters to you, and we will take your daughters to ourselves, and we will dwell with you and become one people.

17But if you will not listen to us and be circumcised, then we will take our daughter, and we will be gone.”

18Their words pleased Hamor and Hamors son Shechem.

19And the young man did not delay to do the thing, because he delighted in Jacobs daughter. Now rhe was the most honored of all his fathers house.

[1 Chr. 4:9]

20So Hamor and his son Shechem scame to the gate of their city and spoke to the men of their city, saying,

See Ruth 4:1

21“These men are at peace with us; let them dwell in the land and ttrade in it, for behold, the land is large enough for them. Let us take their daughters as wives, and let us give them our daughters.

10; 42:34

22Only on this condition will the men agree to dwell with us to become one peoplewhen every male among us is circumcised as they are circumcised.

23Will not their livestock, their property and all their beasts be ours? Only let us agree with them, and they will dwell with us.”

24And all who went out of the gate of his city listened to Hamor and his son Shechem, and every male was circumcised, all who uwent out of the gate of his city.

[23:10]

25On the third day, when they were sore, two of the sons of Jacob, vSimeon and Levi, wDinahs brothers, took their swords and came against the city while it felt secure and killed all the males.

29:33; 30:21

See 49:5-7

26They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the sword and took Dinah out of Shechems house and went away.

27The sons of Jacob came upon the slain and plundered the city, because they had defiled their sister.

28They took their flocks and their herds, their donkeys, and whatever was in the city and in the field.

29All their wealth, all their little ones and their wives, all that was in the houses, they captured and plundered.

30Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, x“You have brought trouble on me yby making me stink to the inhabitants of the land, zthe Canaanites and the Perizzites. aMy numbers are few, and if they gather themselves against me and attack me, I shall be destroyed, both I and my household.”

1 Chr. 16:19; Ps. 105:12

13:7; 15:20

Ex. 5:21; 1 Sam. 13:4; 27:12; 2 Sam. 10:6; 16:21; 1 Chr. 19:6 (Heb.)

Josh. 7:25

31But they said, “Should he treat our sister like a prostitute?”