academic-bible.com - The Scholarly Bible Portal of the German Bible Society.
Buy an edition of the English Standard Version
  • Share on Facebook
  • Twitter verse
  • Numbers
  • 4.Mose 1

A Census of Israel's Warriors

11The Lord spoke to Moses ain the wilderness of Sinai, bin the tent of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying,

Ex. 25:22

10:11; Ex. 19:1

2c“Take a census of all the congregation of the people of Israel, by clans, dby fathers' houses, according to the number of names, every male, head by head.

18, 20, 22; 3:47; 1 Chr. 23:3, 24

Ex. 30:12; 38:26; 2 Sam. 24:2; 1 Chr. 21:2; See 26:2-51

3eFrom twenty years old and upward, all in Israel who are able to go to war, you and Aaron shall list them, fcompany by company.

Ex. 12:51

14:29; Ex. 30:14

4And there shall be with you a man from each tribe, each man being the head of the house of his fathers.

5And these are the names of the men who shall assist you. From Reuben, gElizur the son of Shedeur;

7:30

6from Simeon, hShelumiel the son of Zurishaddai;

7:36

7from Judah, iNahshon the son of Amminadab;

See Ex. 6:23

8from Issachar, jNethanel the son of Zuar;

7:18

9from Zebulun, kEliab the son of Helon;

7:24

10from the sons of Joseph, from Ephraim, lElishama the son of Ammihud, and from Manasseh, mGamaliel the son of Pedahzur;

7:54

7:48; 1 Chr. 7:26

11from Benjamin, nAbidan the son of Gideoni;

7:60

12from Dan, oAhiezer the son of Ammishaddai;

7:66

13from Asher, pPagiel the son of Ochran;

7:72

14from Gad, Eliasaph the son of qDeuel;

7:42

15from Naphtali, rAhira the son of Enan.”

7:78

16These were the ones schosen from the congregation, tthe chiefs of their ancestral tribes, the heads of the clans of Israel.

7:2; [Ex. 18:21, 25]; See 1 Chr. 27:16-22

26:9

17Moses and Aaron took these men uwho had been named,

1 Chr. 12:31; 16:41; 2 Chr. 28:15; 31:19; Ezra 8:20

18and on the first day of the second month, they assembled the whole congregation together, who registered themselves by clans, by fathers' houses, according to the number of names from twenty years old and upward, head by head,

19as the Lord commanded Moses. So he listed them in the wilderness of Sinai.

20The people of vReuben, Israel's firstborn, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war:

For 20-46, see 2:3-32

21those listed of the tribe of Reuben were w46,500.

[26:7]

22Of the people of Simeon, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, those of them who were listed, according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war:

23those listed of the tribe of Simeon were x59,300.

[26:14]

24Of the people of Gad, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go to war:

25those listed of the tribe of Gad were y45,650.

[26:18]

26Of the people of Judah, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, every man able to go to war:

27those listed of the tribe of Judah were z74,600.

[26:22; 2 Sam. 24:9]

28Of the people of Issachar, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, every man able to go to war:

29those listed of the tribe of Issachar were a54,400.

[26:25]

30Of the people of Zebulun, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, every man able to go to war:

31those listed of the tribe of Zebulun were b57,400.

[26:27]

32Of the people of Joseph, namely, of the people of Ephraim, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, every man able to go to war:

33those listed of the tribe of Ephraim were c40,500.

[26:37]

34Of the people of Manasseh, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, every man able to go to war:

35those listed of the tribe of Manasseh were d32,200.

[26:34]

36Of the people of Benjamin, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, every man able to go to war:

37those listed of the tribe of Benjamin were e35,400.

[26:41]

38Of the people of Dan, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, every man able to go to war:

39those listed of the tribe of Dan were f62,700.

[26:43]

40Of the people of Asher, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, every man able to go to war:

41those listed of the tribe of Asher were g41,500.

[26:47]

42Of the people of Naphtali, their generations, by their clans, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, every man able to go to war:

43those listed of the tribe of Naphtali were h53,400.

[26:50]

44iThese are those who were listed, whom Moses and Aaron listed with the help of the chiefs of Israel, twelve men, each representing his fathers' house.

26:64

45So all those listed of the people of Israel, by their fathers' houses, from twenty years old and upward, every man able to go to war in Israel

46all those listed were j603,550.

Ex. 38:26; [11:21; 26:51; Ex. 12:37]

Levites Exempted

47But kthe Levites were not listed along with them by their ancestral tribe.

2:33; [26:57, 62]; See 3; 4; 1 Chr. 6

48For the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

49“Only the tribe of Levi you shall not list, and you shall not take a census of them among the people of Israel.

50lBut appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of the testimony, and over all its furnishings, and over all that belongs to it. They are to carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings, and they shall take care of it mand shall camp around the tabernacle.

See 3:23-38

3:7; Ex. 38:21; See 4:15-33

51nWhen the tabernacle is to set out, the Levites shall take it down, and when the tabernacle is to be pitched, the Levites shall set it up. oAnd if any outsider comes near, he shall be put to death.

3:10, 38; 18:22; [1 Sam. 6:19; 2 Sam. 6:6; 1 Chr. 13:10]

10:17, 21

52The people of Israel shall pitch their tents by their companies, each man in his own camp and peach man by his own standard.

2:2, 34

53But the Levites shall camp around the tabernacle of the testimony, so that there may be no qwrath on the congregation of the people of Israel. rAnd the Levites shall keep guard over the tabernacle of the testimony.”

3:7, 38; 8:26; 9:19, 23; 18:3-5; 31:30, 47; 1 Chr. 23:32; [2 Chr. 13:11]

8:19; 16:46; 18:5

54Thus did the people of Israel; they did according to all that the Lord commanded Moses.