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  • James
  • Jak 1

Greeting

11aJames, a servant1 of God and bof the Lord Jesus Christ,

To cthe twelve tribes in dthe Dispersion:

Greetings.

1 Pet. 1:1; [Acts 2:9-11]; See John 7:35

Luke 22:30; Acts 26:7

Rom. 1:1; 2 Pet. 1:1; Jude 1

See Acts 12:17

Or slave (for the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface)

Testing of Your Faith

2eCount it all joy, my brothers,2 when you meet trials fof various kinds,

1 Pet. 1:6

See Matt. 5:12

Or brothers and sisters. The plural Greek word adelphoi (translated brothers) refers to siblings in a family. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, adelphoi may refer either to men or to both men and women who are siblings (brothers and sisters) in God's family, the church; also verses 16, 19

3for you know that gthe testing of your faith hproduces steadfastness.

Rom. 5:3; [5:11; Heb. 10:36; 2 Pet. 1:6]

1 Pet. 1:7

4And let steadfastness have its full effect, that you may be iperfect and complete, lacking in nothing.

1 Thess. 5:23; See Matt. 5:48

5jIf any of you lacks wisdom, klet him ask God, lwho gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given him.

Prov. 28:5

See Matt. 7:7

1 Kgs. 3:9-12; Prov. 2:3-6

6But mlet him ask in faith, nwith no doubting, for the one who doubts is like oa wave of the sea that is driven and tossed by the wind.

[Isa. 57:20; Eph. 4:14]

Matt. 21:21

Mark 11:24

7For that person must not suppose that he will receive anything from the Lord;

8phe is a double-minded man, qunstable in all his ways.

[2 Pet. 2:14; 3:16]

4:8

9Let the lowly brother boast in his exaltation,

10and rthe rich in his humiliation, because slike a flower of the grass3 he will pass away.

[Ps. 102:4, 11; 1 Cor. 7:31; 1 Pet. 1:24]

Jer. 9:23

Or a wild flower

11For the sun rises with its scorching heat and twithers the grass; its flower falls, and its beauty perishes. So also will the rich man fade away in the midst of his pursuits.

Isa. 40:7

12uBlessed is the man who remains steadfast under trial, for when he has stood the test he will receive vthe crown of life, wwhich God has promised to those who love him.

2:5

Rev. 2:10; 3:11; [1 Cor. 9:25; 2 Tim. 4:8; 1 Pet. 5:4]

5:11; Matt. 10:22; 1 Pet. 3:14; [Dan. 12:12]

13Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am being tempted by God,” for God cannot be tempted with evil, and he himself tempts no one.

14But each person is tempted when he is lured and enticed by his own desire.

15Then desire xwhen it has conceived gives birth to sin, and ysin when it is fully grown brings forth death.

Rom. 5:12; 6:23

Job 15:35; Ps. 7:14; Isa. 59:4

16Do not be deceived, my beloved brothers.

17zEvery good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from athe Father of lights bwith whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.4

Mal. 3:6

1 John 1:5

Ps. 85:12; John 3:27; 1 Cor. 4:7

Some manuscripts variation due to a shadow of turning

18cOf his own will he dbrought us forth by the word of truth, ethat we should be a kind of ffirstfruits of his creatures.

Jer. 2:3; Rev. 14:4; [Rom. 8:19-23]

[Eph. 1:12]

[Gal. 4:19; 1 Pet. 1:3, 23]

John 1:13

Hearing and Doing the Word

19gKnow this, my beloved brothers: let every person hbe quick to hear, islow to speak, jslow to anger;

See Prov. 14:29

Prov. 10:19; 17:27

[Eccles. 5:1]

1 John 2:21

20for the anger of man does not produce the righteousness of God.

21Therefore kput away all filthiness and rampant wickedness and receive with lmeekness the implanted word, mwhich is able to save your souls.

1 Cor. 15:2; Eph. 1:13

3:13

Col. 3:8

22But be ndoers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves.

Rom. 2:13; [2:14-20; Matt. 7:21, 24-27; Luke 8:21; John 13:17]

23For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks intently at his natural face in a mirror.

24For he looks at himself and goes away and at once forgets what he was like.

25But the one who looks into the perfect law, othe law of liberty, and perseveres, being no hearer who forgets but a doer who acts, phe will be blessed in his doing.

Ps. 1:1; Luke 11:28

2:12; [Gal. 2:4; 5:1, 13; 1 Pet. 2:16; 2 Pet. 2:19]; See John 8:32

26If anyone thinks he is religious qand does not bridle his tongue but deceives his heart, this person's rreligion is worthless.

Acts 26:5

3:2; Ps. 39:1; [3:6; Ps. 34:13; 141:3]

27Religion that is pure and undefiled before God, the Father, is this: sto visit torphans and widows in their affliction, and uto keep oneself vunstained from the world.

2 Pet. 3:14

1 Tim. 5:22; 1 John 5:18

Job 31:17; Isa. 1:17, 23

Matt. 25:36