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  • Genesis
  • 1.Mose 18

181And the Lord appeared to him by the ooaks1 of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day.

13:18; 14:13

Or terebinths

2He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing in front of him. pWhen he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them and bowed himself to the earth

19:1; [Heb. 13:2]

3and said, “O Lord,2 if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by your servant.

Or My lord

4Let a qlittle water be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree,

19:2; 24:32; 43:24; [Luke 7:44; John 13:14]

5while I bring a morsel of bread, that ryou may refresh yourselves, and after that you may pass onssince you have come to your servant.” So they said, “Do as you have said.”

19:8; 33:10

Judg. 19:5; [Ps. 104:15]

6And Abraham went quickly into the tent to Sarah and said, “Quick! Three seahs3 of fine flour! Knead it, and make cakes.”

A seah was about 7 quarts or 7.3 liters

7And Abraham ran to the herd and took a calf, tender and good, and gave it to a young man, who prepared it quickly.

8Then he took curds and milk and the calf that he had prepared, and set it before them. And he stood by them under the tree while they ate.

9They said to him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” And he said, “She is tin the tent.”


10The Lord said, “I will surely return to you uabout this time next year, and vSarah your wife shall have a son.” And Sarah was listening at the tent door behind him.

17:19, 21; 21:2; Cited Rom. 9:9

14; 2 Kgs. 4:16

11Now wAbraham and Sarah were old, advanced in years. The way of women had ceased to be with Sarah.

17:17; Rom. 4:19; Heb. 11:11

12xSo Sarah laughed to herself, saying, y“After I am worn out, and zmy lord is old, shall I have pleasure?”

1 Pet. 3:6

[Luke 1:18]


13The Lord said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh and say, ‘Shall I indeed bear a child, now that I am old?’

14aIs anything too hard4 for the Lord? bAt the appointed time I will return to you, about this time next year, and Sarah shall have a son.”


Job 42:2; Jer. 32:17, 27; Zech. 8:6; Matt. 19:26; Luke 1:37

Or wonderful

15But Sarah denied it,5 saying, “I did not laugh,” for she was afraid. He said, “No, but you did laugh.”

Or acted falsely

16Then the men set out from there, and they looked down toward Sodom. And Abraham went with them to set them on their way.

17The Lord said, c“Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do,

[Ps. 25:14; Amos 3:7; John 15:15]

18seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be dblessed in him?

12:3; 22:18; 26:4; Acts 3:25; Gal. 3:8

19For I have echosen6 him, that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice, so that the Lord may bring to Abraham what he has promised him.”

[Amos 3:2]

Hebrew known

20Then the Lord said, “Because fthe outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is great and their sin is very grave,

4:10; 19:13; [Isa. 3:9; Ezek. 16:49; James 5:4]

21gI will go down to see whether they have done altogether7 according to the outcry that has come to me. And if not, hI will know.”

Josh. 22:22

11:5, 7; Ex. 3:8

Or they deserve destruction; Hebrew they have made a complete end

Abraham Intercedes for Sodom

22iSo the men turned from there and went toward Sodom, but Abraham jstill stood before the Lord.

1; [Ps. 106:23; Jer. 18:20]

16; 19:1

23Then Abraham drew near and said, k“Will you indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked?

20:4; Num. 16:22; 2 Sam. 24:17

24Suppose there are fifty righteous within the city. Will you then sweep away the place and not spare it for the fifty righteous who are in it?

25Far be it from you to do such a thing, to put the righteous to death with the wicked, lso that the righteous fare as the wicked! Far be that from you! mShall not the Judge of all the earth do what is just?”

Deut. 32:4; Job 8:3; 34:10; Rom. 3:5

[Job 8:20]

26And the Lord said, n“If I find at Sodom fifty righteous in the city, I will spare the whole place for their sake.”

Jer. 5:1; Ezek. 22:30; [Isa. 65:8]

27Abraham answered and said, o“Behold, I have undertaken to speak to the Lord, I who am but dust and ashes.

[Luke 18:1]

28Suppose five of the fifty righteous are lacking. Will you destroy the whole city for lack of five?” And he said, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there.”

29Again he spoke to him and said, “Suppose forty are found there.” He answered, “For the sake of forty I will not do it.”

30Then he said, “Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak. Suppose thirty are found there.” He answered, “I will not do it, if I find thirty there.”

31He said, “Behold, I have undertaken to speak to the Lord. Suppose twenty are found there.” He answered, “For the sake of twenty I will not destroy it.”

32Then he said, p“Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak again but this once. Suppose ten are found there.” He answered, “For the sake of ten I will not destroy it.”

Judg. 6:39

33And the Lord went his way, when he had finished speaking to Abraham, and Abraham returned to his place.