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  • Genesis
  • 1.Mose 31

Jacob Flees from Laban

311Now Jacob heard that the sons of Laban were saying, “Jacob has taken all that was our fathers, and from what was our fathers he has gained all this wealth.”

2And Jacob saw athat Laban did not regard him with favor as before.


3Then the Lord said to Jacob, b“Return to the land of your fathers and to your kindred, and I will be with you.”

13; 28:15; 32:9

4So Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah into the field where his flock was

5and said to them, c“I see that your father does not regard me with favor as he did before. But the God of my father dhas been with me.



6eYou know that I have served your father with all my strength,

38-40; 30:29

7yet your father has cheated me and changed my wages ften times. But God did not permit him to harm me.

41; [Num. 14:22; Neh. 4:12; Job 19:3; Zech. 8:23]

8If he said, g‘The spotted shall be your wages,’ then all the flock bore spotted; and if he said, ‘The striped shall be your wages,’ then all the flock bore striped.


9Thus God has htaken away the livestock of your father and given them to me.


10In the breeding season of the flock I lifted up my eyes and saw in a dream that the goats that mated with the flock were striped, spotted, and mottled.

11Then the angel of God said to me in the dream, ‘Jacob,’ and I said, ‘Here I am!’

12And he said, ‘Lift up your eyes and see, all the goats that mate with the flock are striped, spotted, and mottled, for iI have seen all that Laban is doing to you.

[Ex. 3:7]

13I am the God of Bethel, jwhere you anointed a pillar and made a vow to me. Now karise, go out from this land and return to the land of your kindred.’”

3; 32:9

See 28:18-22

14Then Rachel and Leah answered and said to him, “Is there lany portion or inheritance left to us in our fathers house?

[2 Sam. 20:1; 1 Kgs. 12:16]

15Are we not regarded by him as foreigners? For mhe has sold us, and he has indeed devoured our money.

30:26; See 29:15-20, 27

16All the wealth that God has taken away from our father belongs to us and to our children. Now then, whatever God has said to you, do.”

17So Jacob arose and set his sons and his wives on camels.

18He drove away all his livestock, all his property that he had gained, the livestock in his possession that he had acquired in nPaddan-aram, to go to the land of Canaan to his father Isaac.

25:20; 28:2, 6

19Laban had gone to shear his sheep, and Rachel stole her fathers ohousehold gods.

30, 34; [Judg. 17:5; 1 Sam. 15:23; 19:13; Ezek. 21:21; Hos. 3:4; Zech. 10:2]

20And Jacob tricked1 Laban the Aramean, by not telling him that he intended to flee.

Hebrew stole the heart of; also verses 26, 27

21He fled with all that he had and arose and crossed the pEuphrates,2 and qset his face toward the hill country of Gilead.

2 Kgs. 12:17; Luke 9:51

Ex. 23:31; Ps. 72:8

Hebrew the River

22When it was told Laban on the third day that Jacob had fled,

23he took his kinsmen with him and pursued him for seven days and followed close after him into the hill country of Gilead.

24But God came to Laban the Aramean rin a dream by night and said to him, “Be careful not to say anything to Jacob, seither good or bad.”

24:50; Num. 24:13; 2 Sam. 13:22

See 20:3

25And Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country, and Laban with his kinsmen pitched tents in the hill country of Gilead.

26And Laban said to Jacob, “What have you done, that you have ttricked me and driven away my daughters like captives of the sword?


27Why did you flee secretly tand trick me, and did not tell me, so that I might have sent you away with mirth and songs, with tambourine and lyre?

[See 26 above]

28And why did you not permit me uto kiss my sons and my daughters farewell? Now you have done foolishly.

55; Ruth 1:9, 14; 1 Kgs. 19:20; Acts 20:37

29It is vin my power to do you harm. But the wGod of your3 father spoke to me last night, saying, ‘Be careful not to say anything to Jacob, xeither good or bad.’


42, 53; 28:13

Deut. 28:32; Neh. 5:5 (Heb.); Prov. 3:27; Mic. 2:1

The Hebrew for your is plural here

30And now you have gone away because you longed greatly for your fathers house, but why did you ysteal my gods?”

19; Judg. 18:24

31Jacob answered and said to Laban, “Because I was afraid, for I thought that you would take your daughters from me by force.

32zAnyone with whom you find your gods shall not live. In the presence of our kinsmen point out what I have that is yours, and take it.” Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.


33So Laban went into Jacobs tent and into Leahs tent and into the tent of the two female servants, but he did not find them. And he went out of Leahs tent and entered Rachels.

34Now Rachel had taken the household gods and put them in the camels saddle and sat on them. Laban felt all about the tent, but did not find them.

35And she said to her father, “Let not my lord be angry that I cannot arise before you, for the way of women is upon me.” So he searched but did not find the household gods.

[Lev. 19:32]

36Then Jacob became angry and berated Laban. Jacob said to Laban, “What is my offense? What is my sin, that you have hotly pursued me?

37For you have felt through all my goods; what have you found of all your household goods? Set it here before my kinsmen and byour kinsmen, that they may decide between us two.


38These twenty years I have been with you. Your ewes and your female goats have not miscarried, and I have not eaten the rams of your flocks.

39What was torn by wild beasts I did not bring to you. I bore the loss of it myself. cFrom my hand you required it, whether stolen by day or stolen by night.

[Ex. 22:12]

40There I was: by day the heat consumed me, and the cold by night, and my sleep fled from my eyes.

41These twenty years I have been in your house. dI served you fourteen years for your two daughters, and six years for your flock, and eyou have changed my wages ten times.



42fIf the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the gFear of Isaac, had not been on my side, surely now you would have sent me away empty-handed. hGod saw my affliction and the labor of my hands and irebuked you last night.”


See 29:32


Ps. 124:1

43Then Laban answered and said to Jacob, “The daughters are my daughters, the children are my children, the flocks are my flocks, and all that you see is mine. But what can I do this day for these my daughters or for their children whom they have borne?

44Come now, jlet us make a covenant, you and I. kAnd let it be a witness between you and me.”

Josh. 24:27


45So Jacob ltook a stone and set it up as a pillar.


46And Jacob said to his kinsmen, “Gather stones.” And they took stones and made a heap, and they ate there by the heap.

47Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha,4 but Jacob called it Galeed.5

Hebrew the heap of witness

Aramaic the heap of witness

48Laban said, m“This heap is a witness between you and me today.” Therefore he named it Galeed,


49nand Mizpah,6 for he said, “The Lord watch between you and me, when we are out of one anothers sight.

Judg. 11:29, 34

Mizpah means watchpost

50If you oppress my daughters, or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no one is with us, see, oGod is witness between you and me.”

Judg. 11:10; 1 Sam. 12:5; Jer. 42:5; Mic. 1:2; [Job 16:19]

51Then Laban said to Jacob, “See this heap and the pillar, which I have set between you and me.

52pThis heap is a witness, and the pillar is a witness, that I will not pass over this heap to you, and you will not pass over this heap and this pillar to me, to do harm.


53The God of Abraham and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge between us.” So Jacob swore by the qFear of his father Isaac,


54and Jacob offered a sacrifice in the hill country and called rhis kinsmen to eat bread. They ate bread and spent the night in the hill country.


557 Early in the morning Laban arose and kissed shis grandchildren and his daughters and blessed them. Then Laban departed and returned home.

28, 43

Ch 32:1 in Hebrew