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  • Genesis
  • 1.Mose 32

Jacob Fears Esau

321Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him.

2And when Jacob saw them he said, “This is Gods tcamp!” So he called the name of that place uMahanaim.1

Josh. 21:38; 2 Sam. 2:8; 17:24, 27; 1 Kgs. 2:8

[Josh. 5:14; Luke 2:13]

Mahanaim means two camps

3And Jacob sent2 messengers before him to Esau his brother in the land of vSeir, the country of Edom,

36:8; Deut. 2:5; Josh. 24:4

Or had sent

4instructing them, “Thus you shall say to my lord Esau: Thus says your servant Jacob, ‘I have sojourned with Laban and stayed until now.

5I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, male servants, and female servants. I have sent to tell my lord, in order that wI may find favor in your sight.’”

33:8, 15

6And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother Esau, and xhe is coming to meet you, and there are four hundred men with him.”


7Then Jacob was ygreatly afraid and distressed. He divided the people who were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two camps,


8thinking, “If Esau comes to the one camp and attacks it, then the camp that is left will escape.”

9And Jacob said, z“O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O Lord who asaid to me, ‘Return to your country and to your kindred, that I may do you good,’

31:3, 13

28:13; 31:42, 53

10bI am not worthy of the least of all the deeds of steadfast love and all the faithfulness that you have shown to your servant, for with only my staff I crossed this Jordan, and now I have become two camps.

[2 Sam. 7:18]

11Please deliver me from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau, for cI fear him, that he may come and attack me, the mothers with the children.

[Prov. 18:19]

12But dyou said, ‘I will surely do you good, and make your offspring as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.’”


13So he stayed there that night, and from what he had with him he took ea present for his brother Esau,

43:11; [Prov. 17:8; 18:16; 19:6; 21:14]

14two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams,

15thirty milking camels and their calves, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys.

16These he handed over to his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass on ahead of me and put a space between drove and drove.”

17He instructed the first, “When Esau my brother meets you and asks you, ‘To whom do you belong? Where are you going? And whose are these ahead of you?’

18then you shall say, ‘They belong to your servant Jacob. They are a present sent to my lord Esau. And moreover, he is behind us.’”

19He likewise instructed the second and the third and all who followed the droves, “You shall say the same thing to Esau when you find him,

20and you shall say, ‘Moreover, your servant Jacob is behind us.’” For he thought, “I may appease him3 with the present that goes ahead of me, and afterward I shall see his face. Perhaps he will accept me.”4

Hebrew he will lift my face

Hebrew appease his face

21So the present passed on ahead of him, and he himself stayed that night in the camp.

Jacob Wrestles with God

22The same night he arose and took his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven children,5 and crossed the ford of the fJabbok.

Deut. 2:37; 3:16; Josh. 12:2

Or sons

23He took them and sent them across the stream, and everything else that he had.

24And Jacob was left alone. And ga man wrestled with him until the breaking of the day.

Hos. 12:3

25When the man saw that he did not prevail against Jacob, he touched his hip socket, and Jacobs hip was put out of joint as he wrestled with him.

26Then he said, “Let me go, for the day has broken.” But Jacob said, h“I will not let you go unless you bless me.”

[Luke 18:1]; See Matt. 15:21-28

27And he said to him, “What is your name?” And he said, “Jacob.”

28Then he said, i“Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel,6 for jyou have striven with God and kwith men, and have prevailed.”


Hos. 12:3

35:10; 2 Kgs. 17:34

Israel means He strives with God, or God strives

29Then Jacob asked him, “Please tell me your name.” But he said, l“Why is it that you ask my name?” And there he blessed him.

Judg. 13:18

30So Jacob called the name of the place Peniel,7 saying, “For mI have seen God face to face, and yet my life has been delivered.”

16:13; Ex. 24:10; Deut. 5:24; Judg. 6:22; 13:22; [Ex. 33:20; Isa. 6:5]

Peniel means the face of God

31The sun rose upon him as he passed nPenuel, limping because of his hip.

Judg. 8:8, 17; 1 Kgs. 12:25

32Therefore to this day the people of Israel do not eat the sinew of the thigh that is on the hip socket, because he touched the socket of Jacobs hip on the sinew of the thigh.