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  • Genesis
  • 1.Mose 43

Josephs Brothers Return to Egypt

431Now the famine was qsevere in the land.

41:54, 57

2And when they had eaten the grain that they had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, “Go again, buy us a little food.”

3But Judah said to him, “The man solemnly warned us, saying, ‘You shall not see my face unless your rbrother is with you.’

42:20; 44:23

4If you will send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food.

5But if you will not send him, we will not go down, for the man said to us, ‘You shall not see my face, unless your brother is with you.’”

6Israel said, “Why did you treat me so badly as to tell the man that you had another brother?”

7They replied, “The man questioned us carefully about ourselves and our kindred, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’ What we told him was in answer to these questions. Could we in any way know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?”

8And Judah said to Israel his father, “Send the boy with me, and we will arise and go, that we may slive and not die, both we and you and also our little ones.


9I will be a pledge of his safety. From my hand you shall require him. tIf I do not bring him back to you and set him before you, then let me bear the blame forever.

42:37; 44:32

10If we had not delayed, we would now have returned twice.”

11Then their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: take some of the choice fruits of the land in your bags, and carry a present down to the man, a little ubalm and a little honey, gum, myrrh, pistachio nuts, and almonds.

See 37:25

12Take double the money with you. Carry back with you the money vthat was returned in the mouth of your sacks. Perhaps it was an oversight.

42:25, 27, 35

13Take also your brother, and arise, go again to the man.

14May wGod Almighty1 xgrant you mercy before the man, and may he send back your other brother and Benjamin. And as for me, yif I am bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.”


[Neh. 1:11]

See 17:1

Hebrew El Shaddai

15So the men took this present, and they took double the money with them, and Benjamin. They arose and went down to Egypt and stood before Joseph.

16When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the zsteward of his house, “Bring the men into the house, and slaughter an animal and make ready, for the men are to dine with me at noon.”

19; 44:1, 4; [24:2; 39:4]

17The man did as Joseph told him and brought the men to Josephs house.

18And the men were afraid because they were brought to Josephs house, and they said, “It is because of the money, which was replaced in our sacks the first time, that we are brought in, so that he may assault us and fall upon us to make us servants and seize our donkeys.”

19So they went up to the steward of Josephs house and spoke with him at the door of the house,

20and said, a“Oh, my lord, bwe came down the first time to buy food.

42:3, 10


21And cwhen we came to the lodging place we opened our sacks, and there was each mans money in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight. So we have brought it again with us,


22and we have brought other money down with us to buy food. We do not know who put our money in our sacks.”

23He replied, “Peace to you, do not be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has put treasure in your sacks for you. I received your money.” Then he brought Simeon out to them.

24And when the man had brought the men into Josephs house and dgiven them water, and they had washed their feet, and when he had given their donkeys fodder,

See 18:4

25they prepared ethe present for Josephs coming at noon, for they heard that they should eat bread there.


26When Joseph came home, they brought into the house to him the present that they had with them and fbowed down to him to the ground.

42:6; See 37:5-11

27And he inquired about their welfare and said, “Is your father well, the old man gof whom you spoke? Is he still alive?”

42:11, 13

28They said, “Your servant our father is well; he is still alive.” And they hbowed their heads and prostrated themselves.


29And he lifted up his eyes and saw his brother Benjamin, ihis mothers son, and said, “Is this your youngest brother, gof whom you spoke to me? God be gracious to you, my son!”

[See 27 above]


30Then Joseph hurried out, for jhis compassion grew warm for his brother, and he sought a place to weep. And he entered his chamber and kwept there.


1 Kgs. 3:26; [Jer. 31:20]

31Then he washed his face and came out. And lcontrolling himself he said, “Serve the food.”


32They served him by himself, and them by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, because the Egyptians could not eat with the Hebrews, for that is man abomination to the Egyptians.

46:34; Ex. 8:26

33And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth. And the men looked at one another in amazement.

34nPortions were taken to them from Josephs table, but Benjamins portion was ofive times as much as any of theirs. And they drank and were merry2 with him.


[2 Sam. 11:8]

Hebrew and became intoxicated