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  • 2.Mose 18

Jethros Advice

181mJethro, nthe priest of Midian, Moses father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel his people, how the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt.

12; 2:16


2Now Jethro, Moses father-in-law, had taken Zipporah, Moses wife, after he had sent her home,

3along with her otwo sons. The name of the one was Gershom (pfor he said, q“I have been a sojourner1 in a foreign land”),

Ps. 39:12; Heb. 11:13


4:20; Acts 7:29

Gershom sounds like the Hebrew word for sojourner

4and the name of the other, Eliezer2 (for he said, “The God of my father was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh”).

Eliezer means My God is help

5Jethro, Moses father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Moses in the wilderness where he was encamped at the rmountain of God.

See 3:1

6And when he sent word to Moses, “I,3 your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her,”

Hebrew; Samaritan, Septuagint, Syriac behold

7Moses swent out to meet his father-in-law and bowed down and tkissed him. And they asked each other of their welfare and went into the tent.

[Gen. 29:13; 33:4]; 2 Sam. 19:39

Gen. 14:17; 18:2; 19:1; 1 Kgs. 2:19

8Then Moses told his father-in-law uall that the Lord had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israels sake, all the hardship that had come upon them in the way, and how the Lord had delivered them.

See Neh. 9:9-15; Ps. 78:12-28, 42-53; 106:7-12

9And Jethro rejoiced for all the good that the Lord had done to Israel, in that he had delivered them out of the hand of the Egyptians.

10Jethro said, v“Blessed be the Lord, who has delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians and out of the hand of Pharaoh and has delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.

Gen. 14:20; 2 Sam. 18:28; Luke 1:68

11Now I know that wthe Lord is greater than all gods, because in this affair they xdealt arrogantly with the people.”4

Neh. 9:10; [Ps. 119:21; Dan. 4:37; Luke 1:51]

1 Chr. 16:25; 2 Chr. 2:5; Ps. 95:3; 97:9; 135:5

Hebrew with them

12And Jethro, Moses father-in-law, brought a burnt offering and sacrifices to God; and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat bread with Moses father-in-law ybefore God.

Deut. 12:7; 14:26; 1 Chr. 29:22; [24:11; Gen. 31:54]

13The next day Moses sat to judge the people, and the people stood around Moses from morning till evening.

14When Moses father-in-law saw all that he was doing for the people, he said, “What is this that you are doing for the people? Why do you sit alone, and all the people stand around you from morning till evening?”

15And Moses said to his father-in-law, “Because zthe people come to me to inquire of God;

[Lev. 24:12; Num. 15:34]

16awhen they have a dispute, they come to me and I decide between one person and another, and I bmake them know the statutes of God and his laws.”

Deut. 4:5; 5:1

24:14; Deut. 17:8; [2 Sam. 15:2; 1 Cor. 6:1]

17Moses father-in-law said to him, “What you are doing is not good.

18You and the people with you will certainly wear yourselves out, for the thing is too heavy for you. cYou are not able to do it alone.

Num. 11:14, 17; Deut. 1:9, 12

19Now obey my voice; I will give you advice, and God be with you! You shall drepresent the people before God and ebring their cases to God,

Num. 27:5

4:16; [20:19; Deut. 5:5]

20and you shall warn them about the statutes and the laws, and make them know fthe way in which they must walk and gwhat they must do.

Deut. 1:18

Ps. 143:8

21Moreover, look for hable men from all the people, men who fear God, who are trustworthy and hate a bribe, and place such men over the people as chiefs of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.

Deut. 1:15; 16:18; See 2 Chr. 19:5-10; [Acts 6:3]

22And ilet them judge the people at all times. jEvery great matter they shall bring to you, but any small matter they shall decide themselves. So it will be easier for you, and they will kbear the burden with you.

Num. 11:17

Lev. 24:11; Num. 15:33; 27:2; 36:1; Deut. 1:17; 17:8


23If you do this, God will direct you, you will be lable to endure, and all this people also will go to their place in peace.”


24So Moses listened to the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he had said.

25mMoses chose able men out of all Israel and made them heads over the people, chiefs of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.

Deut. 1:15

26And nthey judged the people at all times. Any hard case they brought to Moses, but any small matter they decided themselves.


27Then Moses let his father-in-law depart, and ohe went away to his own country.

[Num. 10:29]