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  • Exodus
  • 2.Mose 19

Israel at Mount Sinai

191On the third new moon after the people of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that day they pcame into the wilderness of Sinai.

Num. 33:15

2They set out from qRephidim and came into the wilderness of Sinai, and they encamped in the wilderness. There Israel encamped before rthe mountain,

See 3:1

17:1, 8

3while sMoses went up to God. tThe Lord called to him out of the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the people of Israel:


20:21; [Acts 7:38]

4uYou yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how vI bore you on eagles wings and brought you to myself.

Deut. 32:11; Isa. 63:9; Rev. 12:14

Deut. 29:2

5Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be wmy treasured possession among all peoples, for xall the earth is mine;

9:29; Deut. 10:14; Job 41:11; Ps. 24:1; 50:12; 1 Cor. 10:26

Deut. 7:6; 14:2; 26:18; Ps. 135:4; Mal. 3:17; Titus 2:14

6and you shall be to me a ykingdom of priests and za holy nation. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”

Lev. 20:26; Deut. 7:6; 14:21; 26:19; 28:9; Isa. 62:12; 1 Pet. 2:9

1 Pet. 2:5, 9; Rev. 1:6; 5:10; 20:6

7So Moses came and called the elders of the people and set before them all these words that the Lord had commanded him.

8aAll the people answered together and said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do.” And Moses reported the words of the people to the Lord.

24:3, 7; Deut. 5:27; 26:17

9And the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I am coming to you bin a thick cloud, that cthe people may hear when I speak with you, and may also dbelieve you forever.”

When Moses told the words of the people to the Lord,


Deut. 4:12, 36; [John 12:28]

20:21; 24:16; Deut. 4:11; Ps. 18:11; 97:2; [Matt. 17:5]

10the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and econsecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them fwash their garments

[Gen. 35:2; Lev. 15:5]

Lev. 11:44; [Josh. 3:5]

11and be ready for the third day. For on the third day gthe Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people.

34:5; [Deut. 33:2]

12And you shall set limits for the people all around, saying, ‘Take care not to go up into the mountain or touch the edge of it. hWhoever touches the mountain shall be put to death.

Cited Heb. 12:20

13No hand shall touch him, but he shall be stoned or shot;1 whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When ithe trumpet sounds a long blast, they shall come up to the mountain.”

16, 19

That is, shot with an arrow

14So Moses jwent down from the mountain to the people and econsecrated the people; fand they washed their garments.

[See 10 above]

[See 10 above]


15And he said to the people, “Be ready for the kthird day; ldo not go near a woman.”

[1 Sam. 21:4; 1 Cor. 7:5]


16On the morning of the kthird day there were mthunders and lightnings and na thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud otrumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp ptrembled.

Heb. 12:21



Ps. 77:18; Heb. 12:18; Rev. 4:5; 8:5; 11:19

[See 15 above]

17Then qMoses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain.

Deut. 4:10

18Now rMount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and sthe whole mountain trembled greatly.

Ps. 68:8; Heb. 12:26

24:17; Judg. 5:5; [Ps. 144:5; Isa. 6:4; Rev. 15:8]

19And as the osound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and tGod answered him in thunder.

Neh. 9:13; Ps. 81:7

[See 16 above]

20The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain. And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.

21And the Lord said to Moses, “Go down and warn the people, lest they break through to the Lord uto look and many of them perish.

[3:6; 1 Sam. 6:19]

22Also let the priests who come near to the Lord vconsecrate themselves, lest the Lord wbreak out against them.”

2 Sam. 6:8; 1 Chr. 13:11

Lev. 10:3

23And Moses said to the Lord, “The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai, for you yourself warned us, saying, x‘Set limits around the mountain and consecrate it.’”

12; [Josh. 3:4]

24And the Lord said to him, “Go down, and come up bringing Aaron with you. But do not let the priests and the people ybreak through to come up to the Lord, lest he break out against them.”

2 Sam. 6:8; 1 Chr. 13:11

25So Moses went down to the people and told them.