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  • Exodus
  • 2.Mose 20

The Ten Commandments

201zAnd aGod spoke all these words, saying,

Deut. 5:22

For 1-17, see Deut. 5:6-21

2b“I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.

Lev. 26:13; Ps. 81:10; Hos. 13:4

3c“You shall have no other gods before1 me.

2 Kgs. 17:35; Jer. 25:6; 35:15

Or besides

4d“You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.

Lev. 26:1; Deut. 27:15; Ps. 97:7; [Acts 17:29]

5eYou shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am fa jealous God, gvisiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me,

34:7; Num. 14:18; [Ps. 79:8; 109:14; Isa. 65:6; Jer. 32:18]

34:14; Deut. 4:24; 6:15; Josh. 24:19; Nah. 1:2

23:24; Josh. 23:7

6but showing steadfast love to thousands2 of those who love me and keep my commandments.

Or to the thousandth generation

7h“You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.

Lev. 19:12; [Matt. 5:34; James 5:12]

8i“Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

Lev. 19:3, 30; 26:2; See 31:13-17

9jSix days you shall labor, and do all your work,

23:12; 34:21; 35:2; Lev. 23:3; Luke 13:14

10but the kseventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the lsojourner who is within your gates.

See Neh. 13:16-19

16:26; 31:15; Gen. 2:2; Ezek. 20:12; See Num. 15:32-36

11For min six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

See Gen. 1:12:3

12n“Honor your father and your mother, othat your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.

Eph. 6:3

Lev. 19:3; Cited Matt. 15:4; 19:19; Mark 7:10; 10:19; Luke 18:20; Eph. 6:2; [Jer. 35:18]

13p“You shall not murder.3

Cited Matt. 5:21; 19:18; Rom. 13:9; [Gen. 9:5; 1 John 3:15]

The Hebrew word also covers causing human death through carelessness or negligence

14q“You shall not commit adultery.

Lev. 18:20; Deut. 22:22; Prov. 6:32; 1 Cor. 6:9; Heb. 13:4; Cited Matt. 5:27; Rom. 13:9

15r“You shall not steal.

Lev. 19:11; Eph. 4:28; Cited Matt. 19:18; Rom. 13:9

16s“You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

23:1; Prov. 19:5, 9; 21:28; 24:28; 25:18; Cited Matt. 19:18; See Deut. 19:16-20

17t“You shall not covet uyour neighbors house; vyou shall not covet your neighbors wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbors.”

Jer. 5:8; Matt. 5:28

Mic. 2:2

Luke 12:15; Eph. 5:3, 5; Cited Rom. 7:7; 13:9; [Col. 3:5; Heb. 13:5]

18Now when all the people saw wthe thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking, the people were afraid4 and trembled, and they stood far off

Heb. 12:18

Samaritan, Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate; Masoretic Text the people saw

19and said to Moses, x“You speak to us, and we will listen; but do not let God speak to us, lest we die.”

Deut. 5:25, 27; 18:16; Gal. 3:19; Heb. 12:19

20yMoses said to the people, “Do not fear, for God has come to ztest you, that the fear of him may be before you, that you may not sin.”

[Gen. 22:1]; Deut. 13:3

[1 Sam. 12:20]

21The people stood far off, while Moses drew near to the athick darkness where God was.

Deut. 4:11; 2 Sam. 22:10; 1 Kgs. 8:12; Ps. 18:9; 97:2

Laws About Altars

22And the Lord said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the people of Israel: ‘You have seen for yourselves that I have btalked with you from heaven.

Deut. 4:36; Neh. 9:13; Heb. 12:25

23cYou shall not make gods of silver to be with me, nor shall you make for yourselves gods of gold.

[32:31; 2 Kgs. 17:33; Ezek. 20:39; Zeph. 1:5]

24An altar of earth you shall make for me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your oxen. dIn every place where I cause my name to be remembered I will come to you and ebless you.

Deut. 7:13

Deut. 12:5, 11; 14:23; 16:6, 11; 26:2; 1 Kgs. 8:29; 9:3; 2 Chr. 6:6; 7:16; 12:13; Ezra 6:12; Neh. 1:9; Ps. 74:7; Jer. 7:10, 12

25fIf you make me an altar of stone, gyou shall not build it of hewn stones, for if you wield your tool on it you profane it.

[1 Kgs. 5:17; 1 Chr. 22:2]

Deut. 27:5; Josh. 8:31

26And you shall not go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness be not exposed on it.’