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  • Exodus
  • 2.Mose 22

2211 “If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it or sells it, he shall repay five oxen for an ox, and cfour sheep for a sheep.

2 Sam. 12:6; [Prov. 6:31; Luke 19:8]

Ch 21:37 in Hebrew

22 If a thief is found dbreaking in and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no bloodguilt for him,

Matt. 24:43

Ch 22:1 in Hebrew

3but if the sun has risen on him, there shall be bloodguilt for him. He shall surely pay. If he has nothing, then ehe shall be sold for his theft.


4If the stolen beast fis found alive in his possession, whether it is an ox or a donkey or a sheep, ghe shall pay double.



5“If a man causes a field or vineyard to be grazed over, or lets his beast loose and it feeds in another mans field, he shall make restitution from the best in his own field and in his own vineyard.

6“If fire breaks out and catches in thorns so that the stacked grain or the standing grain or the field is consumed, he who started the fire shall make full restitution.

7“If a man gives to his neighbor money or goods to keep safe, and it is stolen from the mans house, then, if the thief is found, ghe shall pay double.

[See 4 above]

8If the thief is not found, the owner of the house shall come near to God to show whether or not he has put his hand to his neighbors property.

9For every breach of trust, whether it is for an ox, for a donkey, for a sheep, for a cloak, or for any kind of lost thing, of which one says, ‘This is it,’ the case of both parties shall come before God. The one whom God condemns shall pay double to his neighbor.

10“If a man gives to his neighbor a donkey or an ox or a sheep or any beast to keep safe, and it dies or is injured or is driven away, without anyone seeing it,

11han oath by the Lord shall be between them both to see whether or not he has put his hand to his neighbors property. The owner shall accept the oath, and he shall not make restitution.

Heb. 6:16

12But if iit is stolen from him, he shall make restitution to its owner.

Gen. 31:39

13If it is torn by beasts, let him bring it as evidence. He shall not make restitution for what has been torn.

14“If a man borrows anything of his neighbor, and it is injured or dies, the owner not being with it, he shall make full restitution.

15If the owner was with it, he shall not make restitution; if it was hired, it came for its hiring fee.3

Or it is reckoned in (Hebrew comes into) its hiring fee

Laws About Social Justice

16j“If a man seduces a virgin4 who is not betrothed and lies with her, he shall give the bride-price5 for her and make her his wife.

Deut. 22:28

Or engagement present; also verse 17

Or a girl of marriageable age; also verse 17

17If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, jhe shall pay money equal to the kbride-price for virgins.

Gen. 34:12; 1 Sam. 18:25

[See 16 above]

18l“You shall not permit a sorceress to live.

Lev. 19:26, 31; 20:27; Deut. 18:10; 1 Sam. 28:3, 9

19m“Whoever lies with an animal shall be put to death.

Lev. 18:23; 20:15; Deut. 27:21

20n“Whoever sacrifices to any god, other than the Lord alone, shall be devoted to destruction.6

[Num. 25:2, 7; Josh. 23:16]; See Deut. 13:1-15; 17:2-5

That is, set apart (devoted) as an offering to the Lord (for destruction)

21o“You shall not wrong a sojourner or oppress him, for you were sojourners in the land of Egypt.

23:9; Lev. 19:33; Deut. 10:18; Jer. 7:6; Zech. 7:10; Mal. 3:5

22pYou shall not mistreat any widow or fatherless child.

Deut. 24:17; 27:19; Ps. 94:6; Isa. 1:17, 23; 10:2; Ezek. 22:7; Zech. 7:10; James 1:27

23If you do mistreat them, and they qcry out to me, I will surely rhear their cry,

Ps. 18:6; 145:19; [James 5:4]

Job 34:28; Luke 18:7

24and my wrath will burn, and I will kill you with the sword, and syour wives shall become widows and your children fatherless.

Ps. 109:9; Lam. 5:3

25t“If you lend money to any of my people with you who is poor, you shall not be like a moneylender to him, and you shall not exact interest from him.

Lev. 25:35-37; Deut. 23:19; Neh. 5:7; Ps. 15:5; Prov. 28:8; Ezek. 18:8, 13, 17; 22:12

26uIf ever you take your neighbors cloak in pledge, you shall return it to him before the sun goes down,

Deut. 24:13, 17; Prov. 20:16; Ezek. 18:7, 16; Amos 2:8; [Prov. 22:27]

27for that is his only covering, and it is his cloak for his body; in what else shall he sleep? And if he qcries to me, I will hear, for I am vcompassionate.

34:6; 2 Chr. 30:9; Neh. 9:17

[See 23 above]

28w“You shall not revile God, nor wcurse a ruler of your people.

Cited Acts 23:5; [2 Sam. 19:21; Eccles. 10:20; Jude 8]

29“You shall not delay to offer from the fullness of your harvest and from the outflow of your presses. xThe firstborn of your sons you shall give to me.

See 13:2

30yYou shall do the same with your oxen and with your sheep: zseven days it shall be with its mother; on the eighth day you shall give it to me.

Lev. 22:27

Deut. 15:19

31a“You shall be consecrated to me. Therefore byou shall not eat any flesh that is torn by beasts in the field; cyou shall throw it to the dogs.

[Matt. 7:6]

Lev. 22:8; Ezek. 4:14; 44:31

19:6; Lev. 11:44