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  • Exodus
  • 2.Mose 28

The Priests Garments

281“Then bring near to you xAaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the people of Israel, to serve me as priestsAaron and Aarons sons, yNadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

See 6:23

Num. 18:7; Heb. 5:4

2zAnd you shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty.

40; 29:29; 31:10; 39:1; Lev. 8:7, 30; Num. 20:26, 28; See 29:5-9

3You shall speak to all the askillful, whom I have filled with a spirit of skill, that they make Aarons garments to consecrate him for my priesthood.

31:6; 35:10, 25; 36:1

4These are the garments that they shall make: a bbreastpiece, an cephod, da robe, ea coat of checker work, ea turban, and ea sash. They shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons to serve me as priests.

39; [Lev. 8:7]




5They shall receive fgold, blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and fine twined linen.


6g“And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and of fine twined linen, skillfully worked.

For 6-12, see 39:2-7

7It shall have two shoulder pieces attached to its two edges, so that it may be joined together.

8And the hskillfully woven band on it shall be made like it and be of one piece with it, of gold, blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and fine twined linen.

27; 29:5; 39:5; Lev. 8:7

9You shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel,

10six of their names on the one stone, and the names of the remaining six on the other stone, in the order of their birth.

11As a jeweler engraves signets, so shall you engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel. You shall enclose them in settings of gold filigree.

12And you shall set the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel. And iAaron shall bear their names before the Lord on his two shoulders jfor remembrance.

[Num. 16:40; Josh. 4:7; Zech. 6:14]


13You shall make settings of gold filigree,

14and two chains of pure gold, twisted like cords; and you shall attach the corded chains to the settings.

15k“You shall make a breastpiece of judgment, in skilled work. In the style of the ephod you shall make itof gold, blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and fine twined linen shall you make it.

For 15-28, see 39:8-21

16It shall be square and doubled, a span1 its length and a span its breadth.

A span was about 9 inches or 22 centimeters

17lYou shall set in it four rows of stones. A row of sardius,2 topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row;

[Ezek. 28:13; Rev. 21:19]

The identity of some of these stones is uncertain

18and the second row an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond;

19and the third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;

20and the fourth row a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. They shall be set in gold filigree.

21There shall be twelve stones with their names according to the names of the sons of Israel. They shall be like signets, each engraved with its name, for the twelve tribes.

22You shall make for the breastpiece twisted chains like cords, of pure gold.

23And you shall make for the breastpiece two rings of gold, and put the two rings on the two edges of the breastpiece.

24And you shall put the two cords of gold in the two rings at the edges of the breastpiece.

25The two ends of the two cords you shall attach to the two settings of filigree, and so attach it in front to the shoulder pieces of the ephod.

26You shall make two rings of gold, and put them at the two ends of the breastpiece, on its inside edge next to the ephod.

27And you shall make two rings of gold, and attach them in front to the lower part of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod, at its seam above the mskillfully woven band of the ephod.


28And they shall bind the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, so that it may lie on the skillfully woven band of the ephod, so that the breastpiece shall not come loose from the ephod.

29nSo Aaron shall bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment on his heart, when he goes into the Holy Place, to bring them to regular oremembrance before the Lord.

See 12

12, 30

30And in the breastpiece of judgment pyou shall put the Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be on Aarons heart, when he goes in before the Lord. Thus Aaron shall bear the judgment of the people of Israel on his heart before the Lord regularly.

Lev. 8:8; Num. 27:21; Deut. 33:8; 1 Sam. 28:6; Ezra 2:63; Neh. 7:65; [1 Sam. 23:9; 30:7]

31q“You shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue.

For 31-37, see 39:22-31

32It shall have an opening for the head in the middle of it, with a woven binding around the opening, like the opening in a garment,3 so that it may not tear.

The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain; possibly coat of mail

33On its hem you shall make pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet yarns, around its hem, with bells of gold between them,

34a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, around the hem of the robe.

35And it shall be on Aaron when he ministers, and its sound shall be heard when he goes into the Holy Place before the Lord, and when he comes out, so that he does not die.

36“You shall make ra plate of pure gold and engrave on it, like the engraving of a signet, s‘Holy to the Lord.’

Zech. 14:20

Lev. 8:9

37And you shall fasten it on the turban by a cord of blue. It shall be on the front of the turban.

38It shall be on Aarons forehead, and Aaron shall tbear any guilt from the holy things that the people of Israel consecrate as their holy gifts. It shall regularly be on his forehead, that they may be accepted before the Lord.

Lev. 10:17; Num. 18:1; [Isa. 53:11; Ezek. 4:4-6; John 1:29; Heb. 9:28; 1 Pet. 2:24]

39“You shall weave the coat in checker work of fine linen, and you shall make a turban of fine linen, and you shall make a sash embroidered with needlework.

40u“For Aarons sons you shall make coats and sashes and caps. You shall make them vfor glory and beauty.


39:27-29, 41; [Ezek. 44:17]

41And you shall put them on Aaron your brother, and on his sons with him, and shall wanoint them and ordain them and xconsecrate them, that they may serve me as priests.

29:9; Heb. 7:28; [Lev. 21:10]

29:7; 30:30; 40:13, 15; Lev. 10:7

42You shall make for them ylinen undergarments to cover their naked flesh. They shall reach from the hips to the thighs;

Lev. 6:10; 16:4; [Ezek. 44:18]

43and they shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they go into the tent of meeting or when they come near the altar to minister in the Holy Place, lest they zbear guilt and die. aThis shall be a statute forever for him and for his offspring after him.


Lev. 5:1, 17; 20:19