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  • Exodus
  • 2.Mose 30

The Altar of Incense

301j“You shall make kan altar on which to burn incense; you shall make it of acacia wood.

40:5; Lev. 4:7; Rev. 8:3

For 1-5, see 37:25-28

2A cubit1 shall be its length, and a cubit its breadth. It shall be square, and two cubits shall be its height. lIts horns shall be of one piece with it.

See 27:2

A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters

3You shall moverlay it with pure gold, its top and around its sides and its horns. And you shall make a molding of gold around it.

39:38; 40:5, 26; Num. 4:11

4And you shall make two golden rings for it. Under its molding on two opposite sides of it you shall make them, and they shall be nholders for poles with which to carry it.

See 25:27

5You shall make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.

6And you shall put it in front of the veil that is above the ark of the testimony, in front of the omercy seat that is above the testimony, where I will meet with you.


7And Aaron shall pburn fragrant incense on it. Every morning when he qdresses the lamps he shall burn it,

See 27:20

34; 31:11; 37:29; 40:27; 1 Sam. 2:28; 1 Chr. 23:13; 2 Chr. 2:4; 29:11; Luke 1:9

8and when Aaron sets up the lamps at twilight, he shall burn it, a regular incense offering before the Lord throughout your generations.

9You shall not offer runauthorized incense on it, or a burnt offering, or a grain offering, and you shall not pour a drink offering on it.

Lev. 10:1

10sAaron shall make atonement on its horns once a year. With the blood of the tsin offering of atonement he shall make atonement for it once in the year throughout your generations. It is most holy to the Lord.”


Lev. 16:18; 23:27

The Census Tax

11The Lord said to Moses,

12u“When you take the census of the people of Israel, then each shall give va ransom for his life to the Lord when you number them, that there be no plague among them when you number them.

21:30; Num. 31:50; [Ps. 49:7]

Num. 1:2-4; 26:2; 2 Sam. 24:2

13Each one who is numbered in the census shall give this: half a shekel2 according to the wshekel of the sanctuary (the xshekel is twenty gerahs),3 yhalf a shekel as an offering to the Lord.

38:26; Matt. 17:24; [Gen. 24:22]

Lev. 27:25; Num. 3:47; 18:16; Ezek. 45:12

38:24; Lev. 5:15; 27:3, 25

A gerah was about 1/50 ounce or 0.6 gram

A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams

14Everyone who is numbered in the census, from twenty years old and upward, shall give the Lords offering.

15The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less, than ythe half shekel, when you give the Lords offering to make atonement for your lives.

[See 13 above]

16You shall take the atonement money from the people of Israel and shall zgive it for the service of the tent of meeting, that it may bring the people of Israel to aremembrance before the Lord, so as to make atonement for your lives.”

[28:12; 39:7; Num. 16:40]

See 38:25-31

The Bronze Basin

17The Lord said to Moses,

18“You shall also make a bbasin of bronze, with its stand of bronze, for washing. bYou shall put it between the tent of meeting and the altar, and you shall put water in it,

40:7, 30; [1 Kgs. 7:38]

19with which Aaron and his sons cshall wash their hands and their feet.

40:31; Ps. 26:6; [Isa. 52:11; Heb. 10:22]

20When they go into the tent of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister, to burn a food offering4 to the Lord, they shall wash with water, so that they may not die.

Or an offering by fire

21They shall wash their hands and their feet, so that they may not die. It shall dbe a statute forever to them, even to him and to his offspring throughout their generations.”

See 27:21

The Anointing Oil and Incense

22The Lord said to Moses,

23“Take the efinest spices: of liquid myrrh 500 shekels, and of sweet-smelling cinnamon half as much, that is, 250, and 250 of faromatic cane,

Ezek. 27:19

Song 4:14; Ezek. 27:22

24and 500 of cassia, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, and a ghin5 of olive oil.


A hin was about 4 quarts or 3.5 liters

25And you shall make of these a sacred anointing oil blended as by the hperfumer; it shall be a iholy anointing oil.

37:29; Num. 35:25; Ps. 89:20; 133:2


26jWith it you shall anoint the tent of meeting and the ark of the testimony,

40:9; Lev. 8:10; Num. 7:1

27and the table and all its utensils, and the lampstand and its utensils, and the altar of incense,

28and the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils and the kbasin and its stand.


29You shall consecrate them, that they may be most holy. lWhatever touches them will become holy.


30mYou shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests.

See 29:7

31And you shall say to the people of Israel, ‘This shall be my holy anointing oil throughout your generations.

32It shall not be poured on the body of an ordinary person, and you shall make no other like it in composition. nIt is holy, and it shall be holy to you.

25, 37

33oWhoever compounds any like it or whoever puts any of it on an outsider shall be cut off from his people.’”


34The Lord said to Moses, p“Take sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum, sweet spices with pure frankincense (of each shall there be an equal part),

7; 25:6; 37:29

35and make an qincense blended as by the rperfumer, sseasoned with salt, pure and holy.

[Lev. 2:13]

See 25


36You shall beat some of it very small, and put part of it before the testimony in the tent of meeting twhere I shall meet with you. uIt shall be most holy for you.


See 25:22

37And the incense that you shall make vaccording to its composition, you shall not make for yourselves. It shall be for you holy to the Lord.


38wWhoever makes any like it to use as perfume shall be cut off from his people.”