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  • Exodus
  • 2.Mose 34

Moses Makes New Tablets

341The Lord said to Moses, w“Cut for yourself two tablets of stone like the first, xand I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets, ywhich you broke.


28; Deut. 10:2, 4

Deut. 10:1

2Be ready by the morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself there to me zon the top of the mountain.


3No aone shall come up with you, and let no one be seen throughout all the mountain. Let no flocks or herds graze opposite that mountain.”

19:12, 21

4So Moses cut two tablets of stone like the first. And he rose early in the morning and went up on Mount Sinai, as the Lord had commanded him, and took in his hand two tablets of stone.

5The Lord bdescended in the cloud and stood with him there, and cproclaimed the name of the Lord.


Num. 11:25; [1 Kgs. 8:10]

6The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, d“The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and egracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast flove and faithfulness,

Ps. 57:10; 108:4


Num. 14:18; 2 Chr. 30:9; Neh. 9:17; Ps. 86:15; 103:8; 111:4; 112:4; 116:5; 145:8; Joel 2:13

7gkeeping steadfast love for thousands,1 hforgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but iwho will by no means clear the guilty, jvisiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the childrens children, to the third and the fourth generation.”

Deut. 5:9

23:21; Josh. 24:19; Job 10:14; Nah. 1:3

Ps. 103:3; 130:4; Dan. 9:9; 1 John 1:9

20:5; Deut. 5:10; Jer. 32:18; Dan. 9:4

Or to the thousandth generation

8And Moses quickly kbowed his head toward the earth and worshiped.

4:31; 12:27

9And he said, “If now I have found favor in your sight, O Lord, please llet the Lord go in the midst of us, for mit is a stiff-necked people, and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for nyour inheritance.”

Deut. 32:9; Ps. 28:9; 33:12; 78:62; 94:14; Jer. 10:16; Zech. 2:12

See 32:9


The Covenant Renewed

10And he said, “Behold, oI am making a covenant. Before all your people pI will do marvels, such as have not been created in all the earth or in any nation. And all the people among whom you are shall see the work of the Lord, for it is an qawesome thing that I will do with you.

Deut. 10:21; Ps. 145:6; [Isa. 64:3]

Deut. 4:32-35; Josh. 6:20; 10:12; 2 Sam. 7:23; Ps. 77:14; 78:12

27; Deut. 5:2; 29:1

11“Observe what I command you this day. Behold, rI will drive out before you the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites.

See 13:5

12sTake care, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land to which you go, lest it become a tsnare in your midst.

See 23:33

23:32; Deut. 7:2; Josh. 23:12; Judg. 2:2

13You shall utear down their altars and vbreak their pillars and cut down their wAsherim

See Deut. 16:21

23:24; 2 Kgs. 18:4; 23:14; 2 Chr. 31:1

Deut. 7:5; 12:3; Judg. 2:2; 6:25; 2 Chr. 34:3

14(for xyou shall worship no other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God),

20:3, 5

15slest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and when they ywhore after their gods and sacrifice to their gods and zyou are invited, you eat of his sacrifice,

Num. 25:2; Ps. 106:28; [1 Cor. 8:4, 7, 10; 10:27]

Lev. 17:7; 20:5; Deut. 31:16; Judg. 2:17; Jer. 3:9; Ezek. 6:9

[See 12 above]

16and you take of atheir daughters for your sons, and their daughters ywhore after their gods and make your sons whore after their gods.

[See 15 above]

Deut. 7:3; 1 Kgs. 11:2; Ezra 9:2; Neh. 13:25

17b“You shall not make for yourself any gods of cast metal.

Lev. 19:4; Deut. 27:15; [32:4, 8]

18c“You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in dthe month Abib, for in the month Abib you came out from Egypt.


See 12:15

19eAll that open the womb are mine, all your male2 livestock, the firstborn of cow and sheep.

See 13:2

Septuagint, Theodotion, Vulgate, Targum; the meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain

20The ffirstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb, or if you will not redeem it you shall break its neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem. And gnone shall appear before me empty-handed.

23:15; Deut. 16:16

13:13; Num. 18:15

21h“Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest. In plowing time and in harvest you shall rest.

See 20:9

22iYou shall observe the Feast of Weeks, the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the years end.

23:16; Deut. 16:10, 13

23jThree times in the year shall all your males appear before the Lord God, the God of Israel.

23:14, 17; Deut. 16:16

24For I will kcast out nations before you and lenlarge your borders; mno one shall covet your land, when you go up to appear before the Lord your God three times in the year.

[Prov. 16:7]

Deut. 12:20; 19:8

33:2; Deut. 7:1; Ps. 78:55; 80:8; See 23:27-31

25n“You shall not offer the blood of my sacrifice with anything leavened, oor let the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover remain until the morning.

See 12:10

See 12:8

26pThe best of the firstfruits of your ground you shall bring to the house of the Lord your God. qYou shall not boil a young goat in its mothers milk.”

Deut. 14:21

See 23:19

27And the Lord said to Moses, “Write these words, for in accordance with these words rI have made a covenant with you and with Israel.”


28sSo he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights. He neither ate bread nor drank water. And he twrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.3

[1; 31:18; 32:16; Deut. 4:13; 10:2, 4]

See 24:18

Hebrew the ten words

The Shining Face of Moses

29When Moses came down from Mount Sinai, with uthe two tablets of the testimony in his hand as he came down from the mountain, Moses did not know that the skin of his face vshone because he had been talking with God.4

2 Cor. 3:7; [Matt. 17:2]


Hebrew him

30Aaron and all the people of Israel saw Moses, and behold, the skin of his face wshone, and they were afraid to come near him.


31But Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the leaders of the congregation returned to him, and Moses talked with them.

32Afterward all the people of Israel came near, and he xcommanded them all that the Lord had spoken with him in Mount Sinai.


33And when Moses had finished speaking with them, he put a yveil over his face.

2 Cor. 3:13

34Whenever Moses zwent in before the Lord to speak with him, he would remove the veil, until he came out. And when he came out and told the people of Israel what he was commanded,

2 Cor. 3:16

35the people of Israel would see the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses face was ashining. And Moses would put the veil over his face again, until he went in to speak with him.