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  • Lamentations
  • Klgl 1

How Lonely Sits the City

11aHow lonely sits the city

  that was full of people!

How like ba widow has she become,

  she who was great among the nations!

She who was ca princess among the provinces

  has become da slave.

Isa. 31:8

[5:16; Ezra 4:20; Eccles. 2:8]

[Jer. 15:8]

[Jer. 7:34]

2eShe weeps bitterly in the night,

  with tears on her cheeks;

famong all her lovers

  she has gnone to comfort her;

hall her friends have dealt treacherously with her;

  they have become her enemies.

See Ezek. 23:22-26

9, 16, 21; Eccles. 4:1

19; Jer. 22:22; 30:14

Ps. 6:6; Jer. 9:1; 13:17

3iJudah has gone into exile because of affliction

  and hard servitude;

jshe dwells now among the nations,

  kbut finds no resting place;

her pursuers have all overtaken her

  in the midst of her distress.1

Jer. 45:3

[2:9; Deut. 28:64]

Jer. 52:27

Or in the narrow passes

4The roads to Zion mourn,

  for none come to lthe festival;

mall her gates are desolate;

  her priests ngroan;

her virgins have been afflicted,2

  and she herself suffers bitterly.

8, 11, 21

Jer. 14:2

See 2:6

Septuagint, Old Latin dragged away

5oHer foes have become the head;

  her penemies prosper,

because qthe Lord has afflicted her

  rfor the multitude of her transgressions;

sher children have gone away,

  captives before the foe.

2 Chr. 36:17, 20; See Jer. 52:28-30

Jer. 30:14; Dan. 9:16

12; 3:33

Jer. 12:1

[Deut. 28:13, 44; Jer. 13:21]

6From the daughter of Zion

  all her majesty has departed.

Her princes have become like deer

  tthat find no pasture;

they fled without strength

  before the pursuer.

[Jer. 14:6]

7Jerusalem remembers

  in the days of her affliction and wandering

uall the precious things

  that were hers from vdays of old.

When her people fell into the hand of the foe,

  and there was none to help her,

her foes gloated over her;

  they wmocked at her downfall.

Obad. 12; [Ps. 119:51]

2:17; Jer. 46:26


8xJerusalem sinned grievously;

  therefore she became filthy;

all who honored her despise her,

  yfor they have seen her nakedness;

she herself zgroans

  and turns her face away.

4, 21

[Ezek. 16:37]

[Zech. 13:1]

9Her uncleanness was ain her skirts;

  bshe took no thought of her future;3

therefore her fall is terrible;

  cshe has no comforter.

“O Lord, behold my affliction,

  for the enemy has dtriumphed!”

Jer. 48:26


[Deut. 32:29; Isa. 47:7]

[Jer. 13:22]

Or end

10The enemy has stretched out his hands

  over all her eprecious things;

for she has seen fthe nations

  enter her sanctuary,

those whom you gforbade

  to enter your congregation.

[Deut. 23:3; Neh. 13:1]

Ps. 79:1; Jer. 51:51


11All her people zgroan

  as hthey search for bread;

they trade their etreasures for ifood

  to revive their strength.

“Look, O Lord, and see,

  for I am despised.”


[See 10 above]

2:12; 4:4; [Jer. 38:9; 52:6]

[See 8 above]

12“Is it nothing to you, all jyou who pass by?

  kLook and see

if there is any sorrow like my sorrow,

  which was brought upon me,

which lthe Lord inflicted

  on mthe day of his fierce anger.

See Jer. 12:13


[Dan. 9:12]

Job 21:29; Ps. 80:12

13“From on high he nsent fire;

  into my bones4 he made it descend;

ohe spread a net for my feet;

  he turned me back;

phe has left me stunned,

  faint all the day long.

3:11; See Jer. 8:18

Ps. 9:15; Ezek. 12:13; 17:20

Ps. 102:3

Septuagint; Hebrew bones and

14“My transgressions were bound5 into qa yoke;

  by his hand they were fastened together;

they were set upon my neck;

  he caused my strength to fail;

the Lord gave me into the hands

  of those whom I cannot withstand.

Deut. 28:48

The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain

15“The Lord rejected

  all my mighty men in my midst;

he summoned an assembly against me

  to crush my young men;

rthe Lord has trodden as in a winepress

  the virgin daughter of Judah.

[Isa. 63:2]

16“For these things sI weep;

  my eyes flow with tears;

for ta comforter is far from me,

  one to urevive my spirit;

my children are desolate,

  for the enemy has prevailed.”


2, 21

See Jer. 13:17

17vZion stretches out her hands,

  but tthere is none to comfort her;

the Lord has commanded against Jacob

  that his neighbors should be his foes;

Jerusalem has become

  a filthy thing among them.

[See 16 above]

Isa. 1:15; Jer. 4:31

18w“The Lord is in the right,

  xfor I have rebelled against his word;

but hear, all you peoples,

  and see my suffering;

ymy young women and my young men

  have gone into captivity.

[Deut. 28:41]

1 Sam. 12:14

See Jer. 12:1

19“I called to zmy lovers,

  but they deceived me;

my priests and elders

  perished in the city,

while athey sought food

  to revive their strength.


See 2

20“Look, O Lord, for I am in distress;

  bmy stomach churns;

my heart is wrung within me,

  because I have been very rebellious.

cIn the street the sword bereaves;

  in the house it is like death.

Deut. 32:25; Ezek. 7:15; See Jer. 15:2

2:11; Job 30:27; Isa. 16:11

21“They heard6 dmy groaning,

  yet ethere is no one to comfort me.

All my enemies have heard of my trouble;

  fthey are glad that you have done it.

You have brought7 the day you announced;

  fnow let them be as I am.

[4:21; Jer. 50:11]

2, 16

4, 8, 11

Syriac Bring

Septuagint, Syriac Hear

22g“Let all their evildoing come before you,

  and deal with them

as hyou have dealt with me

  because of all my transgressions;

for dmy groans are many,

  and imy heart is faint.”

See Jer. 8:18

[See 21 above]

12; 2:20

Ps. 109:14