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  • Galatians
  • Gal 1


11Paul, an aapostlebnot from men nor through man, but cthrough Jesus Christ and God the Father, dwho raised him from the dead

See Acts 2:24

Acts 9:6; 20:24; 22:10, 15, 21; 26:16; [1 Tim. 1:1; Titus 1:3]


See 2 Cor. 1:1

2and all ethe brothers1 who are with me,

To fthe churches of Galatia:

Acts 16:6; 1 Cor. 16:1

Phil. 4:21

Or brothers and sisters. The plural Greek word adelphoi (translated brothers) refers to siblings in a family. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, adelphoi may refer either to men or to both men and women who are siblings (brothers and sisters) in God's family, the church; also verse 11

3gGrace to you and peace hfrom God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ,

1 Tim. 1:2

Rom. 1:7; 1 Cor. 1:3

4iwho gave himself for our sins to deliver us from the present jevil age, according to the will of kour God and Father,

Phil. 4:20; 1 Thess. 1:3; 3:11, 13

[Eph. 2:2; 1 John 5:19]; See John 15:19

See Matt. 20:28; Rom. 4:25; 1 Cor. 15:3

5to whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen.

No Other Gospel

6I am astonished that you are lso quickly deserting mhim who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to na different gospel

2 Cor. 11:4; [1 Tim. 1:3]


[4:13; Acts 16:6; 18:23]

7onot that there is another one, but pthere are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ.

5:10; Acts 15:24; See 2 Cor. 11:13

[Acts 4:12; 1 Cor. 3:11]

8But even if we or qan angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel contrary to the one we preached to you, rlet him be accursed.

See Rom. 9:3

2 Cor. 11:14

9As we have said before, so now I say again: If anyone is preaching to you a gospel contrary to the one you received, rlet him be accursed.

[See 8 above]

10For am I now seeking the approval of man, or of God? Or am I trying sto please man? If I were still trying to please man, I would not be a tservant2 of Christ.

[Rom. 1:1]

1 Thess. 2:4; [Rom. 2:29; 1 Cor. 10:33; Eph. 6:6; Col. 3:22]

Or slave; Greek bondservant

Paul Called by God

11For uI would have you know, brothers, that vthe gospel that was preached by me is not man's gospel.3

See Rom. 2:16

1 Cor. 15:1

Greek not according to man

12wFor I did not receive it from any man, nor was I taught it, but I received it xthrough a revelation of Jesus Christ.

16; See 1 Cor. 2:10; 2 Cor. 12:1

1; 1 Cor. 11:23; 15:3; [Acts 22:14]

13For you have heard of ymy former life in Judaism, how zI persecuted the church of God violently and tried to destroy it.

See Acts 8:3

[Acts 26:4]

14And I was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my own age among my people, so extremely azealous was I for bthe traditions of my fathers.

[Jer. 9:14; 2 Tim. 1:3]; See Matt. 15:2

Phil. 3:6; See Acts 21:20

15But when he cwho had set me apart dbefore I was born,4 and who ecalled me by his grace,


Isa. 49:1, 5; Jer. 1:5; Luke 1:15

Acts 13:2; Rom. 1:1

Greek set me apart from my mother's womb

16was pleased to reveal his Son to5 me, in order fthat I might preach him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult with anyone;6

2:9; See Acts 9:15

Greek with flesh and blood

Greek in

17nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me, but I went away into Arabia, and returned again to Damascus.

18Then gafter three years I went up to Jerusalem to visit Cephas and remained with him fifteen days.

[Acts 9:22]

19But I saw none of the other apostles except James hthe Lord's brother.

See Matt. 12:46; Acts 12:17

20(In what I am writing to you, ibefore God, I do not lie!)

See Rom. 1:9; 9:1

21jThen I went into the regions of Syria and Cilicia.

[Acts 9:30; 11:25; 13:1]

22And I was still unknown in person to kthe churches of Judea that are in Christ.

1 Thess. 2:14

23They only were hearing it said, “He who used to persecute us is now preaching the faith he once tried to destroy.”

24And they glorified God because of me.