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  • Jude
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11Jude, a servant1 of Jesus Christ and brother of James,

aTo those who are called, bbeloved in God the Father and ckept for2 Jesus Christ:

John 17:11, 15; 1 Thess. 5:23

1 Thess. 1:4; 2 Thess. 2:13

Rom. 1:7; 1 Cor. 1:24

Or by

Or slave (for the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface)

2May dmercy, epeace, and love be multiplied to you.

1 Pet. 1:2; 2 Pet. 1:2

[2 John 3]

Judgment on False Teachers

3Beloved, although I was very eager to write to you about our fcommon salvation, I found it necessary to write appealing to you gto contend for the faith that was once for all delivered to the saints.

1 Tim. 6:12; 2 Tim. 4:7; [Luke 13:24; 1 Cor. 9:25; Phil. 1:27]

Titus 1:4

4For hcertain people ihave crept in unnoticed jwho long ago were designated for this condemnation, ungodly people, who pervert kthe grace of our God into sensuality and ldeny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ.

Titus 1:16; 2 Pet. 2:1; 1 John 2:22

See Acts 11:23

1 Pet. 2:8

[Gal. 2:4]

2 Pet. 2:1

5Now I want mto remind you, although you once fully knew it, that nJesus, who saved3 a people out of the land of Egypt, oafterward destroyed those who did not believe.

Num. 14:29, 37; 26:64; Ps. 106:26; Heb. 3:17-19

[1 Cor. 10:4, 9]

2 Pet. 1:12; 3:17

Some manuscripts although you fully knew it, that the Lord who once saved

6And pthe angels who did not stay within their own position of authority, but left their proper dwelling, he has kept in eternal chains under gloomy darkness until the judgment of the great day

2 Pet. 2:4; [Rev. 20:2]

7just as qSodom and Gomorrah and rthe surrounding cities, which likewise indulged in sexual immorality and spursued unnatural desire,4 serve as an example by undergoing a punishment of eternal fire.

2 Pet. 2:10

Deut. 29:23; Hos. 11:8

See Gen. 19:24

Greek other flesh

8Yet in like manner these people also, relying on their dreams, defile the flesh, reject authority, and tblaspheme the glorious ones.

2 Pet. 2:10

9But when uthe archangel vMichael, contending with the devil, was disputing wabout the body of Moses, he did not presume to pronounce a blasphemous judgment, but said, x“The Lord rebuke you.”

Zech. 3:2

[Deut. 34:6]

Dan. 10:13; 12:1; Rev. 12:7

1 Thess. 4:16; [2 Pet. 2:11]

10yBut these people blaspheme all that they do not understand, and they are destroyed by all that they, like unreasoning animals, understand instinctively.

2 Pet. 2:12

11Woe to them! For they walked in zthe way of Cain and abandoned themselves for the sake of gain ato Balaam's error and bperished in Korah's rebellion.

Num. 16:1-3, 31-35

See 2 Pet. 2:15

See Gen. 4:5-8

12These are hidden reefs5 cat your love feasts, as they feast with you without fear, dshepherds feeding themselves; ewaterless clouds, fswept along by winds; fruitless trees in late autumn, twice dead, guprooted;

Matt. 15:13

Heb. 13:9

Prov. 25:14; 2 Pet. 2:17

Ezek. 34:2, 8, 10

2 Pet. 2:13

Or are blemishes

13hwild waves of the sea, casting up the foam of itheir own shame; jwandering stars, kfor whom the gloom of utter darkness has been reserved forever.

2 Pet. 2:17

[Isa. 14:12]

[2 Cor. 4:2; Phil. 3:19]

Isa. 57:20

14It was also about these that Enoch, lthe seventh from Adam, prophesied, saying, m“Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of his holy ones,

See Deut. 33:2; [Dan. 7:10; Mark 8:38; 1 Thess. 3:13; 2 Thess. 1:7]

Gen. 5:18

15nto execute judgment on all and to convict all the ungodly of all their deeds of ungodliness that they have ocommitted in such an ungodly way, and of all pthe harsh things that ungodly sinners have spoken against him.”

1 Sam. 2:3; Ps. 94:4; John 6:60

2 Pet. 2:6

[2 Pet. 2:5]

16These are grumblers, malcontents, qfollowing their own sinful desires; rthey are loud-mouthed boasters, sshowing favoritism to gain advantage.

Lev. 19:15; Deut. 10:17

2 Pet. 2:18

2 Pet. 2:10

A Call to Persevere

17But you must tremember, beloved, the predictions of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ.

2 Pet. 3:2

18They6 said to you, u“In the last time there will be scoffers, following their own ungodly passions.”

2 Pet. 3:3

Or Christ, because they

19It is these who cause divisions, worldly people, vdevoid of the Spirit.

[Rom. 8:9; Phil. 3:3]

20But you, beloved, wbuilding yourselves up in your most holy faith and xpraying in the Holy Spirit,

Eph. 6:18; [Rom. 8:26]

See Col. 2:7

21ykeep yourselves in the love of God, zwaiting for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ that leads to eternal life.

Titus 2:13; 2 Pet. 3:12

2 Cor. 13:14; [Acts 13:43]

22And have mercy on those who doubt;

23save others by asnatching them out of bthe fire; to others show mercy cwith fear, hating even dthe garment7 stained by the flesh.

Rev. 3:4; [Zech. 3:4]

[2 Cor. 5:11]

See 1 Cor. 3:15

Amos 4:11; Zech. 3:2

Greek chiton, a long garment worn under the cloak next to the skin


24eNow to him who is able fto keep you from stumbling and gto present you hblameless before the presence of his glory with great joy,

Eph. 1:4; 5:27; Phil. 2:15; Rev. 14:5

Col. 1:22; [1 Pet. 4:13]

John 17:12

Rom. 16:25; Eph. 3:20

25to ithe only God, our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, jbe glory, majesty, dominion, and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen.

See Rom. 11:36

John 5:44; 1 Tim. 1:17