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  • 1 Samuel
  • 1.Sam 17

David and Goliath

171Now the Philistines vgathered their armies for battle. And they were gathered at wSocoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped between Socoh and xAzekah, in yEphes-dammim.

[1 Chr. 11:13]

Josh. 10:10; Neh. 11:30

Josh. 15:35

13:5

2And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered, and encamped in zthe Valley of Elah, and drew up in line of battle against the Philistines.

19; 21:9

3And the Philistines stood on the mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, with a valley between them.

4And there came out from the camp of the Philistines a champion named aGoliath of bGath, whose height was six1 cubits2 and a span.

21:10; Josh. 11:22; 13:3

[2 Sam. 21:19; 1 Chr. 20:4]

A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters

Hebrew; Septuagint, Dead Sea Scroll and Josephus four

5He had a helmet of bronze on his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail, and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels3 of bronze.

A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams

6And he had bronze armor on his legs, and a cjavelin of bronze slung between his shoulders.

45

7The shaft of his spear was like a weavers beam, and his spears head weighed six hundred shekels of iron. dAnd his shield-bearer went before him.

41

8He stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, “Why have you come out to draw up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and eare you not servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me.

8:17

9If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants. But if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall be our servants fand serve us.”

[11:1]

10And the Philistine said, g“I defy the ranks of Israel this day. Give me a man, that we may fight together.”

25, 36, 45; [2 Sam. 21:21]

11When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.

12Now David was hthe son of an iEphrathite of Bethlehem in Judah, jnamed Jesse, kwho had eight sons. In the days of Saul the man was already old and advanced in years.4

16:10; [1 Chr. 2:13-15]

58; 16:1, 18

Gen. 35:19

58; 16:1, 18; Ruth 4:22

Septuagint, Syriac; Hebrew advanced among men

13The three oldest sons of Jesse had followed Saul to the battle. And lthe names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

16:6, 8; [1 Chr. 2:13]

14mDavid was the youngest. The three eldest followed Saul,

16:11

15but David went back and forth from Saul nto feed his fathers sheep at Bethlehem.

16:19

16For forty days the Philistine came forward and took his stand, morning and evening.

17And Jesse said to David his son, “Take for your brothers an ephah5 of this parched grain, and these ten loaves, and carry them quickly to the camp to your brothers.

An ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters

18oAlso take these ten cheeses to the commander of their thousand. pSee if your brothers are well, and bring some token from them.”

[Gen. 37:14]

[16:20]

19Now Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in the Valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.

20And David rose early in the morning and left the sheep with a keeper and took the provisions and went, as Jesse had commanded him. And he came to qthe encampment as the host was going out to the battle line, shouting the war cry.

26:5, 7

21And Israel and the Philistines drew up for battle, army against army.

22And David left the rthings in charge of the keeper of the rbaggage and ran to the ranks and went and greeted his brothers.

[Isa. 10:28; Acts 21:15]

23As he talked with them, behold, sthe champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, came up out of the ranks of the Philistines and spoke tthe same words as before. And David heard him.

8

4

24All the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him and were much afraid.

25And the men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who has come up? Surely he has come up to udefy Israel. And the king will enrich the man who kills him with great riches vand will give him his daughter and make his fathers house free in Israel.”

[Josh. 15:16]

10, 36, 45

26And David said to the men who stood by him, “What shall be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away wthe reproach from Israel? For who is this xuncircumcised Philistine, that he should udefy the armies of ythe living God?”

Deut. 5:26; Josh. 3:10

[See 25 above]

See Judg. 14:3

11:2

27And the people answered him in the same way, z“So shall it be done to the man who kills him.”

25

28Now Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to the men. And Eliabs anger was kindled against David, and he said, “Why have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your presumption and the evil of your heart, for you have come down to see the battle.”

29And David said, “What have I done now? Was it not but a word?”

30And he turned away from him toward another, and spoke bin the same way, and the people answered him again as before.

26

31When the words that David spoke were heard, they repeated them before Saul, and he sent for him.

32And David said to Saul, c“Let no mans heart fail because of him. dYour servant will go and fight with this Philistine.”

[16:18]

[Deut. 20:3]

33And Saul said to David, “You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him, for you are but a youth, and he has been a man of war from his youth.”

34But David said to Saul, “Your servant used to keep sheep for his father. And when there came a lion, or a bear, and took a lamb from the flock,

35I went after him and struck him and delivered it out of his mouth. And if he arose against me, I caught him by his beard and struck him and killed him.

36Your servant has struck down both lions and bears, and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be like one of them, efor he has defied the armies of the living God.”

10, 26

37And David said, f“The Lord who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “Go, gand the Lord be with you!”

[20:13; 1 Chr. 22:11, 16]

[2 Tim. 4:17]

38Then Saul clothed David with his armor. He put a helmet of bronze on his head and clothed him with a coat of mail,

39and David strapped his sword over his armor. And he tried in vain to go, for he had not tested them. Then David said to Saul, “I cannot go with these, for I have not tested them.” So David put them off.

40Then he took his staff in his hand and chose five smooth stones from the brook and put them in his shepherds pouch. His sling was in his hand, and he approached the Philistine.

41And the Philistine moved forward and came near to David, hwith his shield-bearer in front of him.

7

42And when the Philistine looked and saw David, he disdained him, for he was but a youth, iruddy and handsome in appearance.

16:12

43And the Philistine said to David, “Am I ja dog, that you come to me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.

24:14; 2 Sam. 3:8; 9:8; 16:9; 2 Kgs. 8:13

44The Philistine said to David, “Come to me, and I will give your flesh kto the birds of the air and to the beasts of the field.”

46

45Then David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a sword and with a spear and with la javelin, but I come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, ewhom you have defied.

[See 36 above]

6

46This day the Lord will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you down and cut off your head. mAnd I will give the dead bodies of the host of the Philistines this day nto the birds of the air and to the wild beasts of the earth, othat all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel,

1 Kgs. 18:36; [Josh. 4:24]

44

Deut. 28:26

47and that all this assembly may know that pthe Lord saves not with sword and spear. qFor the battle is the Lords, and he will give you into our hand.”

2 Chr. 20:15

Hos. 1:7; [Ps. 44:6; Zech. 4:6]

48When the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet David, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine.

49And David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone and slung it and struck the Philistine on his forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the ground.

50So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and struck the Philistine and killed him. There was no sword in the hand of David.

51Then David ran and stood over the Philistine rand took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him and cut off his head with it. When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, sthey fled.

[Heb. 11:34]

21:9; [2 Sam. 23:21]

52And the men of Israel and Judah rose with a shout and pursued the Philistines as far as Gath6 and the gates of tEkron, so that the wounded Philistines fell on the way from uShaaraim as far as vGath and Ekron.

See 4

Josh. 15:36

Josh. 15:11

Septuagint; Hebrew Gai

53And the people of Israel came back from chasing the Philistines, and they plundered their camp.

54And David took wthe head of the Philistine xand brought it to Jerusalem, but he put his armor in his tent.

[2 Sam. 5:6]

57

55As soon as Saul saw David go out against the Philistine, he said to Abner, ythe commander of the army, “Abner, zwhose son is this youth?” And Abner said, a“As your soul lives, O king, I do not know.”

See 1:26

[16:21]

2 Sam. 2:8

56And the king said, “Inquire whose son the boy is.”

57And as soon as David returned from the striking down of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul bwith the head of the Philistine in his hand.

54

58And Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?” And David answered, c“I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.”

12